VoIP Basics for Beginners
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- 30 Aug, 2018
WHAT ARE VOIP PHONES?
SIP means Session Initiation Protocol. It is a communications protocol for integrating multimedia communication sessions. VoIP (Voice over Internet Protocol) phones, also known as SIP phones, are IP (Internet Protocol) telephones that enable your internet service provider to integrate basic phone capabilities with web, email, online chat and more through IP network.
CAN I USE A REGULAR PHONE WITH VOIP?
Absolutely! A VoIP adapter, or ATA, is a device that converts analog voice signals into digital IP packets for transport over an IP network. It can also convert digital the IP packets in analog voice streams.
Standard VoIP adapters connect to analog telephones via an FXS port. The VoIP adapter then connects to your Local Area Network (LAN) via an Ethernet cable and an RJ45 port. Some VoIP ATAs also feature an FXO port so you can connect to the PSTN.
Once you’ve decided to switch to a VoIP system. The first thing you’ll need to consider is which deployment is best for your organization. There are three typical options:
A Hosted VoIP Service – Have a VoIP service provider host your VoIP phone system off-site
An On-Premise Phone System – Host and maintain your own VoIP system
A Hybrid Phone System – Combine both hosted and on-site solutions
WHAT EQUIPMENT DO I NEED FOR VOIP?
A VoIP gateway is a piece of hardware that bridges an IP network and the PSTN. Depending on where the voice traffic originates, it will convert the voice traffic into the proper form for receipt by the destination network.
There are two main types of gateways: Analog and Digital
Do I Need a Session Border Controller?
A Session Border Controller (SBC) is a powerful user agent device that sits at a point of demarcation for SMB and Enterprise businesses to provide services such as call control, security, interoperability and voice optimization. An SBC offers:
Unique Inspection capabilities and encryption to protect against attacks.
The ability to connect to multiple carriers and select which carrier to route a call through based on call cost (cut down your phone bills!)
Sophisticated call processing algorithms to improve your call quality.
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